Shelter centers were established to host Syrian refugees fleeing the plight of the Syrian crisis to Lebanon. In the light of the large influx of refugees, the harsh economic conditions, and the short capacity of Lebanese residential areas to host huge numbers of residents, these centers aim to provide Syrian refugees with shelter capable of affording a decent and secured life.
URDA shelter centers are characterized by an infrastructure installed according to international standards, proper management and organization, and a high level of coordination with concerned authorities in Lebanon. The three characteristics note an attempt to guarantee good-neighborly relations between the refugees in shelter centers and the Lebanese hosting community.
The residential units included in shelter centers are divided to the following categories:
WASH and Electricity Services:
Within the shelter program, URDA works to provide water, sanitation and electricity services in its shelter centers through installation of water and sanitation systems and providing electricity generators in addition to providing necessary services to operate them.
In 2016, shelter centers were provided with 189,946 liters of fuel to operate generators, 98,136 m3 of service water, in addition to the suction of 2,874 septic tanks.
Maintenance and Services:
Shelter program also includes periodic renovation of houses and tents as well as operating and maintaining services through providing monthly needs and periodic maintenance, spraying pesticides to prevent insects, processing camps for winter through strengthening tents against strong winds and raising them above ground level to prevent flood and rain penetrations, as well as digging trenches to collect flood waters and prevent formation of swamps that might hinder the movement of refugees and cause damage.
2. Model Productive Villages:
The idea of model productive villages is based on the establishment of integrated villages including residential units and productive utilities that provide work opportunities for families living in these communities, in addition to providing other services as well as recreational and social utilities.
These villages have witnessed great success and were hailed by refugees for their large benefit. Notably, the project has been executed in 8 locations so far:
• Al-Awda Model Productive Village – Barelias (Beqaa)
• Al-Ataa Model Productive Village – Barelias (Beqaa) (under construction)
• Al-Wafaa Model Productive Village – Akkar
• Al-Aman Model Productive Village – Aarsal
• Al-Ward Model Productive Village – Aarsal
• Hayat Model Productive Village – Aarsal
• Aaramoun Productive Compound – Mount Lebanon
Model Productive villages include the following utilities:
• Housing units
• Medical center
• Mosque and social center
• Playground and park
• Automatic bakery
• Water well
• Soup kitchen
• PSS center
• Community Markets (including vegetables and grocery shops, tailor, hairdresser, shoemaker…)